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  UPON first view the wilds of Arizona seem
destitute enough of animal life. However,


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in a wagon or car, rather than to make one's bed
on the ground. Also, one might go camping in
Arizona for a year and never see a skunk. The
danger is about the same as it would be from being

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ground squirrels and desert rats.
  Before the white man came, along many of the
Arizona streams were to be found not only rac-
coons, but beaver. Now 'coons are scarce and

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latter lived for a while near the Granite Reef dam
of Salt River, and trees showing the marks of
beavers' teeth are common along the Arizona
canal. Badgers are occasionally found both in the

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even the dangers of the herder's gun can scarcely
dim.
  The largest of the predator\^ animals of Arizona
is the mountain lion. He dwells in the mountains,

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of a coward, but no one can deny his strength or
muscular grace.
  There are still a few bears in Arizona. Those
that are left are found in the more remote high-

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but occasionally even a silver-tip is seen.
  Up to 1860 or '70 antelopes grazed over nearly
all of the country now known as Arizona, and,
though preferring the grassy uplands, made them-

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  White-tailed deer may also be found in different
parts of the state.
  Arizona now has wise, protective game laws,
under which elk, mountain sheep and antelope

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  Ornithologists, when considering the birds of
Arizona, divide the state into three sections. The
Lower Sonoran zone includes the lowlands of the

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ceremonials. The bald eagle is also occasionally
seen in the highlands of the state.
  To most summer visitors in Arizona the buzzard
will be remembered as the desert's conspicuous

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shivers down the spines of whatever rabbits there
are within the sound of their fear-inspiring tones.
  The most unique bird in Arizona is the chap-
arral cock, or road runner. He is a slim, brownish

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sign that the summer is not far away. He rarely
ventures into the mountains.
  Arizona boasts of three distinct varieties of
quail. The commonest is the Gambel — a crested,

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like. They are found, among other places, north of
the Grand Canyon.
  There are more wild turkeys in Arizona now
(1918) than there have been for years, being most

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discordant notes are as unmusical as their plu-
mage is beautiful.
  Of all of Arizona's long list of handsome birds,
including the pyrrhuloxia, the bunting and the

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including the pyrrhuloxia, the bunting and the
tanager, there is none more beautiful than the
Arizona cardinal. Though not common in the Salt
River valley and other desert portions of the

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  When, thirty years ago, we were bouncing on a
stage coach seat en route for Phoenix, Arizona, the
tedium of the trip was relieved by the conversa-

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venomous creatures of the state.
  "Now when you git to the Lemon House," said
the Arizonan, "and you take off your shoes to go
to bed you wanta put 'em tops down. If you don't,

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  At the outset, let us assure any stranger contem-
plating a visit to the state that the man exagger-
ated! There are rattlesnakes in Arizona — eleven
varieties, to be exact — ranging all the way from the

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strychnine may be given. Naturally, if a physician
can be obtained he should be sent for at once.
  The only other poisonous snakes in Arizona are


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The coral snake is slender, seldom above two feet
in length, and is found in central and southern
Arizona. It is marked with black, yellow and red
bands encircling the body, the black always bor-

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that the poisonous saliva flows from the swollen
glands of the chin and is absorbed into the wound.
Charles T. Vorhies of the University of Arizona,
who has made an extensive study of Arizona's

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glands of the chin and is absorbed into the wound.
Charles T. Vorhies of the University of Arizona,
who has made an extensive study of Arizona's
poisonous creatures, reports that he can find no

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sonous.
  Next to the Gila monster the largest lizard to be
found in Arizona is the Chuckawala, which is
about twelve inches long, broMmish in color, with

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off an odor resembling that of vinegar, and in
Texas is called the Vinegarone. It is entirely
harmless. In Arizona the name is sometimes ap-
plied to a spider-like looking creature, which the

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without suffering anything worse than a passing
pain from the wound.
  Centipedes, like other Arizona venomous crea-
tures, do not make a practice of tracking down

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a few days, though complete recovery took some
little while longer.
  No account of Arizona's curious creatures which
omitted the Agassiz's land tortoise would be com-

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ARMSTRONG AND Thornbek. Western Wild Flowers.

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. Arizona and New Mexico,


Page 456 ... Line 65
Eldridge, Zoeth Skinner. Beginnings of San Francisco.

Farish, Thomas Edwin. History of Arizona.


Page 456 ... Line 70
Ethnology Reports.

Forbes, Robert H. Bulletins of Arizona Agricultural Experi-
ment Stations.

Page 456 ... Line 79
Hall, Sharlot M. Cactus and Pine.

Hinton, R. J. Handbook to Arizona.


Page 456 ... Line 96
James, George Wharton. Indians of the Painted Desert
  Region.
-- Arizona, the Wonderland.
-- House Blessing Ceremony.

Page 456 ... Line 102
-- In and Aromid the Grand Canyon.
-- Reclaiming the Arid West.
-- The Grand Canyon of Arizona.
-- Our American Wonderlands.

Page 456 ... Line 113
Matthews, Washington. The Night Chant.
-- Navajo Lepends.
McClintock, James H. Arizona the Youngest State.
Mowry, Sylvester. Arizona and Sonora.

Page 456 ... Line 114
-- Navajo Lepends.
McClintock, James H. Arizona the Youngest State.
Mowry, Sylvester. Arizona and Sonora.
Muir, John. Our National Parks.

Page 456 ... Line 125
Ryan, Marah Ellis. Love Letters of an Indian.
Simpson, Lieut. J. H. Expedition Against the Navajos.
White Stewart Edward. Arizona Nights' Entertainment.
Wright, Harold Bell. When a Man's a Man.