History of Photography
Although no one knows for sure when a camera-type device was first
became popular among Renaissance artists
who used it to trace the image projected by light shining through a tiny hole.
The word photography was first used in the year 1839
- the year the invention of the photographic process was made public.
During the prior decades, a number of light-sensitive materials were tested to
capture the image from the camera obscura, but the first successful
permanent photograph is usually credited to Louis Daguerre.
That picture, captured on a silver-coated sheet of copper, using his 'positive image
, is entitled
The Artist's Studio
and is dated 1837. It was fragile & difficult to reproduce
By the time the details of this process were
made public, in 1839,
other artists and scientists had discovered additional photographic
imaging techniques. William Henry Fox Talbot's Calotype process
used light-sensitive paper and produced a 'negative image' that
could be used to create positive prints.
These methods required long exposure time
animate objects could not be recorded. No one could hold still long enough!
The earliest photographic recordings were architechtural and landscape scenes.
The 19th Century Camera Advertising page
at AntiqueWoodCameras.com notes that - 'As the industry moves forward into a new era of digital images,
the roots of photography can still be traced in its early cameras, advertising, and references.
... They are fascinating looks into a past where graphical layout, grammar, and the "sales pitch,"
are much different than what we see today.'